Nearly two centuries later, the flag that inspired Key still survives, though fragile and worn by the years. George Armistead, the commander of Fort McHenry. It might seem like Key is up past his historical bedtime. An is available via a link from ; an 1883 anthem, , is available on. Key graduated from , in 1796, and under an uncle, who was along with his wife loyal to the British Crown during the War of Independence. This flag was the only American flag to have more than 13 stripes. For example, think about medal-winning athletes who break into tears when they see the flag.
Houston was one of the world's best-selling music artists, having sold over 170 million albums, singles and videos worldwide. Key was relieved to see the American flag still flying over Fort McHenry and quickly penned a few lines in tribute to what he had witnessed. In 1835, in his most famous case, he prosecuted for his unsuccessful attempt to assassinate President Andrew Jackson at the entrance doors and top steps of the , the first attempt to kill an American chief executive. There is a monument to Key in Golden Gate Park. . Courtesy of the National Museum of American History Experts at the National Museum of American History recently completed an eight-year conservation treatment of the Star-Spangled Banner, which included removing a linen backing and cleaning the flag.
That President Woodrow Wilson, ever elected, chose it as our national anthem, is painfully telling as well. The man who made it — who uses the bathroom in his apron and doesn't wash his hands, is the author of our national anthem, Francis Scott Key, who, as it turns out, was a terrible human being. Historians consider it a catalyst for the Civil War, which broke out four years later. Francis Key's father was settler Philip Key Scott Key's great-grandfather who resided near around 1726, he married Susannah Gardiner and had seven children. He was also an author of poetry, and often wrote on religious themes.
Francis Scott Key 1779-1843 witnessed the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor on the night of September 13 and 14, 1814. The designer of the 50-star flag has already designed a 51-star flag. But a missing 15th star has never been found. Over the years, more than 12 million people peered into the museum's glass conservation lab, watching the progress. Though many scholars believe she did not, others believe she did. It was another chapter in the ongoing War of 1812. It then remained in a safe-deposit vault in New York City until Appleton loaned it to the Smithsonian in 1907.
Like Key, Taney was a native of Maryland, a state steeped in slavery, where Frederick Douglass was born. He and his family settled in Georgetown in 1805 or 1806, near the new national capital. The regulation went into effect on May 1, 1795. In 1808 he assisted President 's attorney general in. Include the captions with the image or document.
Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming? Called a broadside, it was probably printed in Baltimore on Sept. On the shore, seen the of the deep, Where the foe's host in silence reposes, What is that the breeze, o'er the steep, As it blows, half conceals, half discloses? She was a widowed woman running her own business, trying to make good in a very difficult time. However, he was removed from the board in 1833 as its policies shifted toward abolitionism. In August 1836, Key agreed to prosecute botanist and doctor Reuben Crandall, brother of controversial Connecticut school teacher , who had recently moved to the national capital. Purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free. Several of these cuttings from the Star-Spangled Banner have been located over the years, including about a dozen that are owned by the American History Museum.
The photo above shows a detail of the flag as it looks today. While I fundamentally reject the notion that anyone who owned other human beings was either good, moral, or decent, Francis Scott Key left absolutely no doubt that he was a stone cold bigot. In his capacity as a Washington, D. This pamphlet was written by the Columbia Historical Society in an effort to save the Francis Scott Key home from destruction in the 1940s. She released six studio albums, one holiday album and three movie soundtrack albums, all of which have diamond, multi-platinum, platinum or gold certification. Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, In full glory reflected now shines in the stream: 'Tis the star-spangled banner! Key was inspired by the sight of a lone U.
On August 19, 1813, the flag was delivered to Fort McHenry. You don't even want your money back. Knowing that his fort was a likely British target, Armistead told the commander of Baltimore defenses in July 1813 that he needed a flag—a big one. All materials on this website are © www. The national anthem has four verses.
And finally, why does the American flag symbolize pride for the United States? He liked it that way. Courtesy of the National Museum of American History This aerial photo shows star-shaped Fort McHenry, the location of the Battle of Baltimore on September 13-14, 1814. Having worked on historic flags for the United States Naval Academy, Fowler had patented a method of supporting fragile flags with a linen backing that required a honeycomb pattern of stitches. The extensive list of images and documents allows flexibility in adapting the lesson to a particular class. After students have had a chance to give the survey, discuss the results. In 1846 one daughter, Alice, married U.
Back in Baltimore, he completed the and copied them onto a sheet of paper, probably making more than one copy. Discuss the images and the students' reactions. Do you think he was talking about the flag in front of the courthouse or the American flag itself? It was this storm flag—not the garrison flag now known as the Star-Spangled Banner—which actually flew during the battle. Oh long may it wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave: And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. Senator and another, Ellen Lloyd, married. Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? What do the changes represent? Key was a one-hit wonder who might have been tone deaf.