The guard must be at least 30 inches above the floor of the landing or balcony. A passage way clearance of at least 36 inches parallel to the slope of a 75 ° ladder shall be provided. Changes in room elevations of only one riser within dwelling units and sleeping units in Group R-2 and R-3 occupancies do not require handrails. Is there a code or is it whatever you feel like spacing them? The top surface of the top railing shall be smooth and shall not be interrupted by projected fittings. A deck is merely one part of a residential building project. Please refer to the terms and conditions of use of this websites for more details.
Other codes sometimes also apply to wrought iron railing construction, including height requirements, such as no less than 36 inches high. If you own your property you should have an entire history of its title from when you purchased the property. The choice of newel posts, top rail and balusters is a personal one and absolutely dependent on your tastes. Just input your elevation change and this will. During an inspection the code official should inspect all stringers, risers, treads, and handrails. Porches and decks which are enclosed with insect screening shall be provided with guards where the walking surface is located more than 30 inches 762 mm above the floor or grade below.
I would ask your contractor to show you the section in the applicable code which would support his position. Definition of Hand Railings A handrail is a horizontal or sloping rail intended to be grasped by a person's hand for support when using a stairway and importantly, instinctively grasped in an attempt to arrest a fall. At least, that's my recollection. Also located along glazed sides of stairways, ramps and landings that are located more than 30 inches 762mm above floor or grade below where the glazing provided does not meet the strength and attachment requirements in Section 1607. Your local building department might require closer post spacing for added rail strength.
Note: Authority cited: Section 142. Re: Building Code for Railings I guess I will throw this one out there as it's along the same line. In assembly seating where guards in accordance with Section 1024. These building codes for handrails on stairs and guardrails around walkways are based on information in section It is important to note that all designs and any construction methods must be solid. Railings prior to 1994 could have bars placed 6 inches apart, which was the building code at the time. Handrail ends shall be returned or shall terminate in newel posts or safety terminals. Guard Guards are in place to prevent accidental falls.
This reinforces the need to check with the authority having jurisdiction. Guard requirements generally state an opening limitation, a minimum height, and a load requirement. Also, regular inspection of the tension and security of the cables is something I'd recommend, particularly in public areas where the system may be subjected to climbers and pushers. I grabbed him just as he reached the top! I assume I would have to find old ones or have them made. Video of the Day About Wrought Iron Railings Wrought iron railings are used for stairways, balconies, decks, fencing and other particular uses. Most of our illustrate Baluster spacing options. Required guards on open sides of stairways, raised floor areas, balconies and porches shall have intermediate rails or ornamental closures which do not allow passage of a sphere 4 inches 102mm or more in diameter.
Because a toddler can easily climb these materials, they are not safe for guard or railing enclosures and should not be used. Within a dwelling unit, the use of a volute, turnout or starting easing is allowed on the lowest tread. Stokes, Lubica Macakova, Agnieszka Chojnicka-Paszun, Cornelis G. Here is Waterloo's information on decks. Handrail required on at least one side of stairway. New York: The State Education Department, 2002. Pickets and intermediate railings shall be designed to withstand a horizontally applied normal load of 50lb on an area not to exceed one square foot including openings and spaces between rails.
Now that you know how high you have to build your railings, follow up by reading these other more detailed discussions on strength, safety factors, including how to properly secure posts into wood framed decks. Handrails shall be adequate in strength and attachment in accordance with Section 1607. That is, they want to know how far it is from the center of one Baluster to the center of the next. The top of the handrail should be at least 34 inches but not more than 38 inches high. The handrail shall be made of pipes joined together with component fittings.
Also the largest opening between the bottom-most horizontal cable or guardrail member and an individual stair tread should not pass a 6-inch sphere. How close is a matter of personal taste. A deck with no or inadequate railings is an accident waiting to happen. Most manufacturers will recommend a maximum railing 'Post' spacing to meet the code in your province. Uniform loads are not to be applied simultaneously with the concentrated loads. We describe the key installation features necessary for cable railings and we explain both the 4-inch sphere rule problem faced by cable railings and the ladder-effect or climbability problem that these systems must also address.